I adore street photography and find it some of the most interesting photography to look at it. It really is so appealing to me.
However, it is hard stuff. You would think taking your camera to a city you would find 1,000 things to photograph. Well this is true but finding ways to make them interesting and appealing is a challenge.
After many days of practice in the city, I have narrowed it down to 9 tips to help you take stunning street photography.
Table to Contents
What is considered street photography?
Street photography is capturing every day candid life. It usually involves people and public places and has more of an artistic side to it.
Imagine you are just a fly on a wall in a public place, what do you see? That’s street photography, it’s not posed or perfect. It just shows real life wherever you are.
How can I get better at street photography?
Street photography is a beautiful and creative way to show the hustle and bustle of a city you love, but if you’ve ever tried it you’ll agree it was harder than it seemed.
No worries those I have a few tips you can apply today to improve your street photography.
Read more: How to Find your Unique Photography Style
1. Pick one or two lenses
You probably don’t want to be lugging around all your lenses while trying to capture the world around you. Remember cities are fast moving places so you want to be ready and also try to blend in so you can really capture what is going on.
I suggest having a prime lens that you really love like the 35mm and also having a zoom lens if you typically shoot with zoom.
My last trip to NYC I took my 20mm and my 50mm 1.4 so I had two prime options.
2. Choose a wide angle
When it comes to street photography including your surroundings can help set the tone of your image. It helps to give context to your subject.
You can shoot with a wide angle lens like the 24mm or many photographers enjoy the classic 35mm as it allows a little bit of a wide angle but doesn’t distort the photograph as much.
Read more: 5 Reasons to Shoot With a Wide Angle Lens
3. Don’t be afraid step in the street
When I was in NYC I really wanted a street shot of the taxis. Of course, I was not crazy enough to step in front oncoming taxis in NYC, so I had some help.
When the light changed for pedestrians to cross, I would walk into the middle of the street and take pictures of the taxis at the red light.
It’s a good idea to have someone with you on the sidewalk to let you know when you need to stop snapping and get walking across the street.
4. Find a flat surface to play with motion blur or panning for street photography
There is so much movement in the city and it is a good idea to capture it. I have used railings as a tripod so I could capture a slow motion shot.
It’s fun to play with panning as well and having a rail to lean on to keep you steady will help get that shot.
5. Capture people in street photography
Feel free to snap a few pictures of the people living their lives on the street. However, please use good judgement. For example, I would never photograph children on the street.
Check out this great post written by Sarah Wilkerson – Street Photography and the Law: 7 Things you Need to Know.
6. Don’t be afraid to convert to black and white
Often times a black and white photo takes us back in time. It can help draw the viewer into your subject which is extremely important with street photography where there is so much in the image to see.
7. Shoot the details
You can photograph people without photographing their faces. What are the details about them that you find interesting. Look for patterns in buildings that are interesting. There is plenty to photograph.
8. Ask someone to take their picture
Yes, a super scary thought to walk up to a stranger and say, “May I photograph you.” But I did it and it isn’t so bad.
When I was in NYC I saw this guy with this awesome mohawk! I loved it! Yes, I could have been sneaky and gotten the shot, but instead, I walked up to him and asked if I could photograph him. He kindly said yes. His friend then slyly says, “He’d like a copy of it.” So, I got his email and said I would send it to him.
I was super nervous doing it and didn’t really think about my shot ahead of time. So I freaked out and snapped a photo. But you know what, I did it!
Now, I won’t be as nervous and next time I will take some time prior to approaching the stranger to figure out the shot.
9. Get creative
Use different compositions and framing to really show case your subject. That’s a fun thing about street photography, you have so many beautiful opportunities to try unique compositions and different framing techniques.
What are the best camera settings for street photography?
Your primary subjects when it comes to street photography will most likely being moving, think cars, and people. You want to capture sharp photos!
Keep your shutter speed high
If you aren’t working with motion blur like we talked about earlier, I recommend keeping your shutter speed at 1/125 or higher.
This will allow you to get crisp clean subjects even if they are moving.
Aperture for street photography
This is very subjective your what shot you are trying to get and your own style of photography.
I like to keep my aperture at around f/3.2 so I can get a nice blurry background, maybe some bokeh, and still have a clean subject.
If you want more of the buildings or cars in focus then stop down to maybe a f/4.
With cities having very unpredictable light, you will more than likely need to utilize your ISO. Set your aperture first, then select your shutter speed to fit freeze the moment, then set your ISO to properly expose the photo.
I try to stay as low as I can with ISO but don’t be afraid to raise it to get the light meter at 0.
What is the best focal length for street photography?
Street photography is such a unique environment so there are a few things to consider when picking the perfect lens for it.
Consider the lighting
Street photography might not always give you ideal perfect lighting so you should consider a lens with a wide aperture that allows a lot of light in.
Quick and sometimes discreet
The city doesn’t stop moving especially not for a photoshoot. So I suggest a lens like the 50mm or the 35mm for street photography.
These lenses will allow you to travel light, and not draw too much attention to yourself if that’s what you need.
While the 35mm and the 50mm are almost always preferred for street photography, you might always want a zoom lens for those shots you just can’t get close enough to.
The 24-70mm lens will give you a really nice focal range to choose from if you prefer to not use a prime lens.
FAQs for Street Photography
The more you take your camera out in public, the easier it will become. People will probably stop you and ask questions but that’s a great way to share one of your passions with someone.
My advice is to challenge yourself by getting out of your comfort zone and just take your camera with you, and use it!
Not always! While street photography is defined as candid shots of public place, that place might not have anyone there.
You can also be doing street photography if it involves a shadow or even a blur of a person, think a moving car. These are shots that show people are there.
If you are photographing the real life candid scene and no one is around, you are still doing street photography. Just make sure you’re telling a story with your shot!
Street photography can be practiced in a rural town as well. It might even be easier in some ways because life is slower than in a big city. Start where you are then maybe even take a trip to your nearest city.