5 Ways to Create Catchlights

What are catchlights? Basically, it is having a reflection of light in your subject’s eye. Photographers LOVE catchlights! It is what can turn a typical looking portrait into something fabulous! I never knew about catchlights until I took a workshop and now I’m obsessed. In fact, even if a photo isn’t that great but has wonderful catchlights I typically keep it. Who doesn’t love a photo that makes their child have that little “twinkle” in their eyes.

5 ways to create catchlights

Read more: How to Shoot in Manual Mode

Here are a things you need to know about catchlights.

  • No.
    Position your subject with their eyes facing the light source.

    Indoors – Have your subject face a window. They do not need to face it head on, that can cause flat lighting and wash out their face (we’ll touch more on this later) It would be best if your subject is at a 45 degree angle from the window. This gives some nice shadows to their face as well as creating beautiful catchlights.

    Read more: 7 Tips to Take a Sharp Photo

    Outdoors – Use open shade for catchlights. If you are shooting outside you don’t really want your subject to be in direct light. You would want to shoot in open shade like under an awning or a tree. Even though, your subject is in the shade make sure they are facing the light so you can capture catchlights.

    Involve your children in this fun skill: Photography For Kids

    Download this FREE manual mode cheat sheet!

  • No.
    Use a reflector.

    You may be shooting outside and have the sun behind your subject such as in a backlighting shot. If this is the case, you would want to use a reflector to help bounce some light into your subjects eyes. I have to be honest, if I’m out shooting my children by myself it is really difficult to hold a reflector with one hand at the same time hold my camera and change the settings with one hand (not impossible, I did do a series of shots of a friend and her husband while holding their 11 month old…I digress).

    If this is the situation and I know it will be hard for me to hold everything, I just wear a white shirt. Your shirt can act as a reflector. In the same case though, if you wear a red, yellow, or other color shirt that will reflect on your subject as well. So be careful what you are wearing if you are doing a photo shoot so you don’t get a red cast on your subject’s skin.

    Read more: 6 Reasons Why You Have Blurry Photos

    Read more: 5 Reasons to Shoot in Manual Mode

  • No.
    If you don't have a light source on their eyes they can look "empty".

    If you don’t have catchlights your subject’s eyes may look dark and “empty”. Now remember, the only people who will even notice this are other photographers. Grandparents and parents don’t care :O) Don’t get rid of a photo just because you didn’t capture catchlights. In fact, my Christmas photo this year left Kate’s eyes looking empty because I didn’t use a reflector with the backlighting. That didn’t stop me from blowing it up to a 24 x 30 and framing it in my dining room. Just be conscious of where the light is coming from.

    Read more: Basic Photography Tips

  • No.
    Catchlights are easier to achieve on people with light colored eyes like blue or green.

    Don’t get discouraged if your subject has brown eyes you can still capture catchlights.

    Read more: Changing Your Focal Point

  • No.
    Some people say the "best" catchlights are at 10 and 2.

    I don’t necessarily agree with this. I think, and have read in different places that catchlights are a personal preference to where they are in the eyes.

  • January 3, 2011 at 11:03 AM

    Thanks for the tips. I love reading your blog. I didn’t know that about shirt color but now that you mention it, it makes sense.

  • January 3, 2011 at 11:18 AM

    Thanks so much for this post! Full of great information.

  • rachel
    January 4, 2011 at 3:58 AM

    love this! as a photographer friend’s all-time-reflector-specialist, i have to say those things are tricky and take some practice! we usually use them to achieve a nice, warm glow on the subject’s face when they are back lit or it is a bit overcast. i love your ideas and can’t wait to try them! :)

    • January 4, 2011 at 9:48 PM

      You could probably teach me a thing or two about holding a reflector :O)

  • January 4, 2011 at 8:54 AM

    It’s so true…..my photos are so empty without catch lights. Unfortunately, I have more without than with.

    So I think I am going to take the plunge and join Click In Moms, so I can take some of their online classes. I am concerned that I won’t have the time to commit to it, so I have thought about taking another class at our local community college. however, I think Click In Moms will be better. Do you think I should take Rock Your Camera I or II? I have taken a 4 week digital photography class for beginners and a digital photography II class.

    • January 4, 2011 at 9:50 PM

      I just sent you an email :O) I can’t say enough great things about Clickinmoms workshops! They are great! I think it just depends how comfortable you are shooting in manual as to which class to pick. RYC 201 doesn’t really cover anything about the exposure triangle, white balance, and stuff like that :O)

  • January 5, 2011 at 2:22 AM

    Thanks so much for sharing!

  • January 5, 2011 at 2:36 AM

    Thanks so much for the information. I have a lot to learn about photography, but your work is very inspiring! So glad I found your blog.

  • February 3, 2011 at 6:54 PM

    A white shirt, such a simple tip, obvious but who would have thought. I stumbled across your site this morning and have been hooked for the last hour! I want to learn more……

  • Ashlee Rae
    March 6, 2012 at 6:05 AM

    I was WONDERING what a catch light was?! I read it in a comment on FB and had no clue what that person was talking about. :) Such a good thing to know. My boys both have brown eyes, but I’m sure I have caught a few catch lights before. :)

    Oh and BTW…I LOVE the last pic of the baby! Too cute. :)

  • December 11, 2013 at 8:48 PM

    I just love your articles. Very informative & easy to learn from/remember. Thanks for sharing your love of photography with others…I have learned so much!

  • Mehreen
    May 20, 2014 at 2:23 PM

    I would love to know what lens are u using here for the portraits and family photos and what are the settings


    • May 22, 2014 at 10:59 AM

      I believe these were taken with my 5mm 1.8 and Tamron 28-75mm on a Nikon D90.

  • Sarah lumber
    May 20, 2014 at 5:28 PM

    Great advise as ever. Catch lights bring your subjects eyes alive.

  • May 21, 2014 at 8:45 AM

    awesome tip! I can’t wait for my baby to wake up from her nap so I can try it!

  • Aashley
    September 21, 2014 at 8:55 AM

    10 and 2 o’clock positions for catchlights are preferred as generally you would want the catchlight to mimic a reflection of the sun (upper half of the eye). In keeping with this train of thought, it’s also preferred to have only one visible catchlight. Something to keep in mind if using multiple light sources.

  • Gina Vicky Bismonte
    October 12, 2016 at 7:45 AM

    I learned alot from catchlight. Thanks and more power.

  • MLY
    March 30, 2017 at 5:17 PM

    I enjoyed learning about photography thank you, this really helps!

  • Mallory
    May 15, 2017 at 7:44 AM

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  • Phil C.
    June 12, 2017 at 11:08 AM

    Who said you can’t teach an old dog new tricks? I have been toting cameras around since the early ’80s. I subscribe to print magazines (remember those) and online things related to photography. I have never heard of “catchlights”.

    Thank you, Phil

  • Gregory Taylor
    July 14, 2017 at 9:22 PM

    There was no mention of using Fill Flash for getting Catchlights. Perhaps you are one of those photographers that do not use flash. Greg Taylor Queensland, Australia.

  • Edward Stubbs
    October 15, 2017 at 3:20 PM

    Great article on ‘catchlighting’. But I notice that you didn’t mention anything about catchlight and when using your electronic flash (on or off camera). Is it possible?

    • Courtney Slazinik
      October 29, 2017 at 8:50 PM

      I don’t use a flash. Yes, it is possible if you do it properly but not with the flash that comes with your camera.

  • Shumi
    December 28, 2017 at 11:56 AM

    This is awesome! I always wondered about those twinkles in the eyes and now I know they have a real name and there is a trick to catching those. I had fun reading your article and can’t wait to try it. Thanks for sharing!

  • Sandy
    January 29, 2018 at 11:01 AM

    Thank you! Question: would using a speedlight with white bouncecard attached work also? Thankyou again.

    • Richard
      March 22, 2018 at 11:05 AM

      I’m not Courtney, but in my experience, speed lights create great catchlights. But!!! Start with the flash at its lowest setting. There’s usually an exposure compensation feature on speed lights of whatever brand. -3 stops is good if you can get that low, or whatever is the lowest setting. You want the flash to be pretty much invisible except for the catchlight. If you don’t see a catchlight, raise the exposure compensation number a little at a time until the catchlights appear.
      Bonus tip: The shape of bounce card will be reflected in your subject’s eyes. If you use a round bounce card, you get round catchlights, I’ve never tried a heart-shaped bounce card, but it might be fun.

  • Madeline
    May 22, 2018 at 10:45 AM

    Very cool!!! I’ll have to try this next time. I loved how you “digress”. It makes us feel as if we know you. Because all of us digress in some conversations…..we’ll, a lot of conversations.🙈🙈🙈

  • Tryla Smith
    May 22, 2018 at 10:56 AM

    I have a canon rebel t6. What is the best setting ti use to get the blurred background?

  • Shannon
    August 23, 2019 at 10:36 AM

    Do you mean a 50MM 1.8 in the comment to Mehreen?

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